| 1997年6月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案 |
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations, At the end of each conversationa question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear :
You will read : A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefor, "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer [ A ] [B] [C] [D]
1. A) Skating. B) Swimming.
C) Boating and swimming. D) Boating and skating.
2. A) Put her report on his desk. B) Read some papers he recommended.
C) Improve some parts of her paper. D) Mail her report to the publisher.
3. A) She takes it as a kind of exercise. B)She wants to save money.
C) She loves doing anything that is new. D) Her office isn't very far.
4. A) A shop assistant. B) A telephone operator.
C) A waitress. D) A clerk.
5. A) A railway porter. B) A bus conductor.
C) A taxi driver. D)A postal clerk.
6. A) Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers.
B) She does not agree with the man.
C) Drunk drivers are not guilty.
D) People should pay more attention to the danger of drunk driving.
7. A) $ 1.40 B) $ 4.30 C) $ 6.40 D) $ 8.60
8. A) Collect papers for the man. B)Do the typing once again.
C) Check the paper for typing errors. D) Read the whole newspaper.
9. A) The woman does not want to go to the movies.
B) The man is too tired to go to the movies.
C) The woman wants to go to the movies.
D) The man wants to go out for dinner.
10.A) By bus B) By bike C) By taxi D) On foot
Section B Compound Dictation
注意：听力理解的Section B节为复合式听写(Compound Dictation),题目在试卷二上。
PartII Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
The fridge is considered a necessity. It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label:"store in the refrigerator."
In my fridgeless fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily. The milkman came daily, the grocer, the butcher(肉商), the baker, and the ice-cream man delivered two or three times a week. The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus (剩余) bread and milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted, and we were never troubled by rotten food. Thirty years on food deliveries have ceased, fresh vegetables are almost unobtainable in the country.
The invention of the fridge contributed comparatively little to the art of food
preservation. A vast way of well-tried techniques already existed--natural cooling, drying, smoking salting, sugaring, bottling...
What refrigeration did promote was marketing--marketing hardware and electricity,
maketing soft drinks, marketing dead bedies of animals around the globe in search of a good price.
Consequently, most of the world's fridges are to be found, not in the tropics where they might prove useful, but in the wealthy countries with mild temperatures where they are climatically almost unnecessary. Every winter, millions of fridges hum away continuously, and at vast expense, busily maintaining an artificially-cooled space inside an artificially?heated house-while outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.
The fridge's effect upon the environment has been evident, while its contribution to human happiness has been insignificant, If you don't believe me, try it yourself, invest in a food cabinet and turn off your fridge next winter. You may miss the hamburgers (汉堡包), but at least you'll get rid of that terribie hum.
11. The statement "In my fridgelees fifties childhood, I was fed well and heal thily."
( Line 1, Para. 2) suggests that _______.
A) the author was well-fed and healthy even without a fridge in his fifties
B) the author was not accustomed to use fridges even in his fifties
C) there was no fridge in the author's home in the 1950s.
D)the fridge was in its early stage of development in the 1950s
12. Why does the author say that nothing was wasted before the invention of fridges?
A)People would not buy more food than was necessary.
B) Food was delivered to people two or three times a week.
C)Food was sold fresh and did not get rotten easily.
D)People had effective ways to preserve their food.
13. Who benefited the least from fridges according to the author?
A) Inventors B) Consumers
C) Manufacturers D) Travelling salesmen
14. Which of the following phrases in the fifth paragraph indicates the fridge's
negative effect on the environment?
A) "Hum away continuously" B) "Climatically almost unnecessary"
C) "Aitificially?cooled space" D) "With mild temperatures"
15. What is the author's overall attitude toward fridges?
A) Neutral B) Critical C) Objective D) Compromising
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
The human brain contains 10 thousand million cells and each of these may have a
thousand connections. Such enormous numbers used to discourage us and cause us to dismiss the possibility of making a machine with humanlike ability, but now that we have grown used to moving forward at such a pace we can be less sure. Quite soon, in only 10 or 20 years perhaps, we will be able to assemble a machine as complex as the human brain, and if we can we will. It may then take us a long time to render it intelligent by loading in the right software (软件) or by altering the architecture but that too will happen.
I think it certain that in decades, not centuries, machines of silicon (硅) will
arise first to rival and then exceed their human ancestors. Once they exceed us they will be capable of their own design. In a real sense they will be able to reproduce themselves. Silicon will have ended carbon's long control. And we will no longer be able to claim ourselves to be the finest intelligence in the known universe.
As the intelligence of robots increases to match that of humans and as their cost declines through economies of scale we may use them to expand our frontiers, first on earth through their ability to withstand environments, harmful to ourselves. Thus, deserts may bloom and the ocean beds be mined. Further ahead, by a combination of the great wealth this new age will bring and the technology it will provide, the construction of a vast, man-created world in space, home to thousands or millions of people, will be within our power.
16. In what way can we make a machine intelligent?
A) By making it work in such environments as deserts, oceans or space.
B) By working hard for 10 or 20 years.
C) By either properly programming it or changing its structure.
D )By reproducing it.
17. What does the writer think about machines with human-like ability?
A) He believes they will be useful to human beings.
B) He believes that they will control us in the future.
C) He is not quite sure in what way they may influence us.
D) He doesn't consider the construction of such machines possible.
18. The word carbon( Line 4, para. 2) stands for" _______"
A) intelligent robots B) a chemical element
C) an organic substance D) human beings
19. A robot can be used to expand our frontiers when _______.
A) its intelligence and cost are beyond question
B) it is able to bear the rough environment
C) it is made as complex as the human brain
D) its architecture is different from that of the present ones
20. It can be inferred from the passage that _______.
A) after the installation of a great number of cells and connections, robots will
be capable of self?reproduction.
B) with the rapid development of technology, people have come to realize the pos
sibility of making a machine with human-like ability.
C) once we make a machine as complex as the human brain, it will possess
D) robots will have control of the vast, man-made world in space.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 1994, earthquake scientists had good news to report; The damage and deaih toll (死亡人数) could have been much worse.
More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, an earthquake of similar intensity that shook America in 1988 claimed 25, 000 victims:
Injuries and deaths were relatively less in Los Angeles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a.m.on a holiday, when traffic was light on the city's highways.In addition, changes made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city's buildings and highways, making them more resistant to quakes.
Despite the good news, civil engineers aren't resting on their successes. Pinned to their drawing boards are blueprints (蓝图的) for improved quake-resistant buildings. The new designs should offer even greater security to cities where earthquakes often take place.
In the past, making structures quake?resistant meant firm yet flexible materials
, such as steel and wood, that bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the impact of ground vibrations. The most recent designs give buildings brains as well as concrete and steel supports, called smart buildings, the structures respond like living organisms to an earthquake's vibrations. When the ground shakes and the building tips forward, the computer would force the building to shift in the opposite direction.
The new smart structures could be very expensive to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely to be damaged during earthquakes.
21.One reason why the loss of lives in the Los Angeles earthquake was comparatively
low is that _______?
A) new computers had been installed in the buildings.
B) it occurred in the residential areas rather than on the highways.
C) large numbers of Los Angeles residents had gone for a holiday
D) improvements had been made in the construction of buildings and highways
22. The function of the computer mentioned in the passage is to _______.
A) counterbalance an earthquake's action on the building
B) predict the coming of an earthquake with accuracy
C) help strengthen the foundation of the building
D) measure the impact of an earthquake's vibrations
23. The smart buildings discussed in the passage _______.
A) would cause serious financial problems
B) would be worthwhile though costly
C) would increase the complexity of architectural design
D) can reduce the ground vibrations caused by earthquakes
24. It can be inferred from the passage that in minimizing the damage caused by
earthquakes attention should be focused on _______.
A) the increasing use of rubber and steel in capital construction
B) the development of flexible building materials
C) the reduction of the impact of ground vibrations
D) early forecasts of earthquakes
25. The author's main purpose in writing the passage is to _______.
A) compare the consequences of the earthquakes that occurred in the U. S.
B) encourage civil engineers to make more extensive use of computers.
C) outline the history of the development of quake-resistant building materials
D) report new developments in constructing quake?resistant building
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Even plants can run a fever, especially when they're under attack by insects or
disease. But unlike humans, plants can have their temperature taken from 3,000 feet away?straight up. A decade ago, adapting the infrared (红外线) scanning technology developed for military purposes and other satellites, physicist Stephen Paley came up with a quick way to take the temperature of crops to determine which ones are under stress. The goal was to let farmers precisely target pesticide(杀虫剂) spraying rather than rain poison on a whole field, which invariably includes plants that don't have pest(害虫) problems.
Even better, Paley's Remote Scanning Services Company could detect crop problems
before they became visible to the eye. Mounted on a plane flown at 3,000 feet at night ,an infrared scanner measured the heat emitted by crops. The data were transformed into a color-coded map showing where plants were running "fevers".Farmers could then spot-
spray, using 50 to 70 percent less pesticide than they otherwise would.
The bad news is that Paley's company closed down in 1984, after only three years. Farmers resisted the new technology and long-term backers were hard to find.But with the renewed concern about pesticides on produce, and refinements in in frared scanning, Paley hopes to get back into operation.Agriculture experts have no doubt the technology works. "This technique can be used on 75 percent of agricultural land in the United States, "says George Oerther of Texas A&M. Ray Jackson, who recently retired from the Department of Agriculture, thinks.remote infrared crop scanning could be adopted by the end of the decade. But only if Paley finds the financial backing which he failed to obtain 10 years ago.
26. Plants will emit an increased amount of heat when they are _______
A) sprayed with pesticides B) facing an infrared scanner
C) in poor physical condition D) exposed to excessive sun rays
27. In order to apply pesticide spraying precisely, we can use infrared scanning to
A) estimate the damage to the crops
B) measure the size of the affected area
C) draw a color-coded map
D) locate the problem area
28. Farmers can save a considerable amount of pesticide by _______.
A) resorting to spot-spraying B) consulting infrared scanning experts
C) transforming poisoned rain D) detecting crop problems at an early stage
29. The application of infrared scanning technology to agriculture met with some
A) the lack of official support B) its high cost
C) the lack of financial D) its failure to help increase production
30. Infrared scanning technology may be brought back into operation because of _______.
A) the desire of farmers to improve the quality of their produce.
B) growing concern about the excessive use of pesticides on crops
C) the forceful promotion by the Department of Agriculture
D) full support from agricultural experts
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
31. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _______ chemist's.
A) each B) some C) certain D) any
32. You cannot be _______ careful when you drive a car.
A) very B) so C) too D) enough
33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-
fifth of the total for living expenses.
A) acceptable B) advisable C) available D) applicable
34. Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants to, _______the
color of his skin.
A) with the exception of B) in the light of
C) by virtue of D) regardless of
35. Housewives who do not go out to work often feel they are not working to their full
A) capacity B) strength C) length D) possibility
36. I hate people who _______ the end of film that you haven't seen before.
A) reveal B) rewrite C) revise D) reverse
37. He's watching TV? He's _______ to be cleaning his room.
A) known B) supposed C) regarded D) considered
38. The old couple decided to ________ a boy and a girl though they had three children
of their own.
A) adapt B) bring C) receive D) adopt
39. The government is trying to do something to _______ better understanding between
the two countries.
A) raise B) promote C) heighten D) increase
40. The newspaper did not mention the _______ of the damage caused by the fire.
A) range B) level C) extent D) quantity
41. The soldier was of running away when the enemy attacked.
A) scolded B) charged C) accused D) punished
42. Had he worked harder, he _______ the exams.
A) must have got through B) would have got through
C) would get through D) could get through
43. Only under special circumstances _______ to take make?up tests.
A) are freshmen permitted B) freshmen are permitted
C) permitted are freshmen D) are permitted freshmen
44. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _______ I heard voices.
A) as B) when C) after D) while
45. It seems oil _______ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine
apart to put it rignt.
A) had leaked B) is leaking C) leaked D) has been leaking
46. When he arrived, he found _______ the aged and the sick at home.
A) none but B) none other than C)nothing but D) no other than
47. The pressure _______ causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under
a constant emotional strain.
A) to compete B) competing C) to be competed D) haveing competed
48. Your hair wants _______. You'd better have it done tomorrow.
A) cut B) to cut C) cutting D) being cut
49. As teachers we should concern ourselves with what is said, not what we think _____.
A) ought to be said B)must say C) have to be said D) need to say
50. Once environmental damage _______, it takes many years for the system to recover.
A) has done B) is to do C) does D) is done
51. Studies show that the things that contribute most to a sense of happiness cannot be
bought, _______ a good family life, friendship and work satisfaction.
A) as for B) in view of C) in case of D) such as
52. He will agree to do what you require _______ him.
A) of B) from C) to D) for
53. The mere fact _______ most people believe nuclear war would be madness does not
mean that it will not occur.
A) what B) which C) that D) why
54. John seems a nice person, _______ I don't trust him.
A) Even though B) Even so C) Therefore D) Though
55. I don't think it advisable that Tim _______ to the job since he has no experience.
A) is assigned B) will be assigned
C) be assigned D) has been assigned
56. _______, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly
than a man whose command of language is poor.
A) Other things being equal B) Were other things equal
C) To be equal to other things D) Other things to be equal
57. _______ that my head had cleared, my brain was also beginning to work much better.
A) For B) Now C) Since D) Despite
58. The man in the corner confessed to _______ a lie to the manager of the company.
A) have told B) be told C) being told D) having told
59. By 1929, Mickey Mouse was as popular _______ children as Coca-Cola.
A) for B) in C) to D) with
60. Because Edgar was convinced of the accuracy of this fact, he _______ his opinion.
A) struck at B) strove for C) siuck to D) stood for
Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet with a single line through the center.
Most children with healthy appetites are ready to eat almost anything that is offered them and a child rarely dislikes food 61 it is badly cooked. The 62 a meal is cooked and served is most important and an 63 served meal will often improve a child's appetite. Never ask a child 64 he likes or dislikes a food and never 65 likes and dislikes in front of him or allow 66 else to do so. If the father says he hates fatmeat or the mother 67 vegetables in the child's hearing he is 68 to copy this procedure. Take it 69 granted that he likes everything and he probably 70 . Nothing healthful should be omitted from the meal because of a 71 dislike. At meal times it is a good 72 give a child a small portion and let him 73 back for a second helping rather than give him as 74 as he is likely to eat all at once. De not talk too much to the child 75 meal times, but let him get on with his food, and do not 76 him to leave the table immediately after a meal or he will 77 learn to swallow his food 78 he can hurry back to his toys. Under 79 circumstances must a child be coaxed(哄骗) 80 forced to eat.
61. A) if B) until C) that D) unless
62. A) procedure B) process C) way D) method
63. A) adequately B) attractively C) urgently D) eagerly
64. A) whether B) what C) that D) which
65. A) remark B) tell C) discuss D) argue
66. A) everybody B) anybody C) samebody D) nobody
67. A) opposes B) denies C) refuses D) offends
68. A) willing B) possible C) obliged D) likely
69. A) with B) as C) over D) for
70. A) should B) may C) witl D) must
71. A) supposed B) proved C) considered D) relaied
72. A) point B) custom C) idea D) plan
73. A) ask B) come C) return D) take
74. A) much B) little C) few D) many
75. A) on B) over C) by D) during
76. A) agree B) allow C) force D) persuade
77. A) hurriedly B) soon C) fast D) slowly
78. A) so B) unitl C) lest D) although
79. A) some B) any C) such D) no
80. A) or B) nor C) but D) neither
PartI Compound Dictation
Dinrtions: In this section, you will hear a pessage three times. When the pessage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. Then listen to the passage again. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you hare just heard. For blanks numbered S8 to S10 you are required to fill in missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in pour own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what pou have written.
In police work, you can never predict the next crime or problem. No working day is identical to any other, so there is no "(S1) _______"day for a police officer. Some days are (S2) _______ slow, and the job is (S3) _______; other days are so busy that there is no time to eat.I think I can (S4) _______ police work in one word:(S5) ____ . Sometimes it's dangerous. One day, for example,I was working undercover, that is, I was on the job, but I was wearing (S6) _______ clothes, not my police (S7) _______. I was trying to catch some robbers who were stealing money from people as they walked down the street. Suddenly, (S8) _______. Another policeman arrived, and together, we arrested three of the men; but the other four ran away. Another day, I helped a woman who was going to have a baby. (S9) _______. I put her in my police car to get her there faster. I thought she was going to have the baby right there in my car. But fortunately, (S10) _______.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Getting to Know the world Outside the Campus. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
Getting to Know the world Outside the Campus
1. M: Boating and Skating are my favorite sports.
W: I like swimming, but not boating or skating.
Q: Which sport does the woman like?
2. W: Have you finished reading my research report. I put it on your desk last week.
M: Yes, but you have to revise some parts of it, I'm afraid, if you want to get it
Q: What does the man suggest that the woman should do?
3. M: Hi, Susan, I hear that you walk all the way to the office these days.
W: Yes, I've found great pleasure in walking. That's the type of exercise I enjoy
Q: Why does the woman walk all the way to the office?
4. M:How about the food I orderedy I've been waiting for 20 minutes already.
W: I'm very sorry, Sir. I will be back with your order in a minute.
Q: What's the woman's job?
5. W: Excuse me,Sir. I'm going to send this parcel to London.What's the postage for it?
M: Let me see, It's one pound and fifty.
Q: Who is the woman most probably speaking to?
6. M: I think it's high time we turned our attention to the danger of drunk driving
W: I can't agree with you more. You see, countless innocent people are killed by
drunk drivers each vear.
Q: What does the woman mean?
7. W: Here's a 10-dollar bill, give me two tickets for tonight's show please.
M: Sure. Two tickets and here's $ 1,40 change.
Q: How much does one ticket cost?
8. M: Are you sure you have corrected all the typing errors in this paper?
W: Perhaps, I'd better read it through again.
Q: What's the woman going to do?
9. M: Mary, would you like to go to the movies with me after dinner?
W: Well, I'll go if you really want me to. But 1'm rathertired.
Q: What can we conclude from this conversation?
10.M: If I were you, I'd ride a bike to work. Taking a crowded bus during rush hours
is really terrible.
W: Thank you for your advice. But my bike has got a flat tyre.
Q: How would the woman most probably get to work?
Section B Compound Dictation
(S8) seven bad men jumped out at me.
(S9) she was trying to get to the hospital. But there was a bad traffic jam.
(S10) the baby waited to arrive until we got to the hospital.
Part I Listening Comprehension
1-10 B C A C D D B C A A
Part II Reading Comprehension
11.C 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.B
16.C 17.A 18.D 19.A 20.B
21.D 22.A 23.B 24.C 25.D
26.C 27.D 28.A 29.C 30.B
Part III Vocabulary and Structure
31.D 32.C 33.B 34.D 35.A
36.A 37.B 38.D 39.B 40.C
41.C 42.B 43.A 44.B 45.D
46.A 47.A 48.C 49.A 50.D
51.D 52.A 53.C 54.B 55.C
56.A 57.B 58.D 59.D 60.C
61.D 62.C 63.B 64.A 65.C
66.B 67.C 68.D 69.D 70.C
71.A 72.C 73.B 74.A 75.D
76.B 77.B 78.A 79.D 80.A